Course Overview

The Principle of Port State Control was conceived as a globally common tool in the shipping industry with which coastal states all over the world can ensure that ships visiting their ports fulfill required rules and regulations as set out by IMO and regional regulatory frameworks. It was the early eighties when fourteen European countries agreed on the Paris Memorandum of Understanding on Port State Control (Paris MoU) to establish port state control.
Within a short time period, modeled on the Paris MOU, several other regional MOUs were created, including the Tokyo MOU (Pacific Ocean), Acuerdo Latino or Acuerdo de Viña del Mar (South and Central America), the Caribbean MOU, the Mediterranean MOU, the Indian Ocean MOU, the Abuja MOU (West and Central Atlantic Africa), the Black Sea MOU, and the Riyadh MOU (Persian Gulf).
While, a Port State Control inspection aims to ensure a vessel’s compliance with rules and regulations it also aims to identify “substandard” ships, i. e.  ships, which regardless of their ability to fulfill contractual requirements (i. e. carry and deliver their cargo) do not comply with applicable rules and regulations. The identification of a ship as substandard then, results in the prohibition of the ship calling at ports of the entire MOU.
The attendees of this Course will be able to:

  • Understand the Legislative Framework within which MOUs operate.
  • Discuss the steps of a PSC inspection.
  • Identify usual deficiencies recorded on board ships by PSC inspectors.
  • Identify PSC findings, which render a ship “substandard” and the causes of substandard shipping.
  • Refer and make use of statistical data from the main MoU’s.
  • Analyze and discuss case studies.
  • Understand the necessary action plans in order to maintain a ship in full compliance within the requirements of ISM Code, ISPS Code, STCW 2010, MLC 2006.
  • Understand the roles and actions of other interested parties (Flag Administrations, Classification Societies, P+I Clubs, H+M Insurers

Course Beneficiaries

  • All professionals employed in the shipping sector and, particularly those who work in the operations and management departments can benefit from the presentation of the above material by widening their knowledge and making use of it on a daily basis.
  • New entries to the shipping industry learning from the very beginning the important goals of a shipping company.
  • Marine officers who are willing to seek a career ashore by acquiring a combination of practical and theoretical knowledge.

Course Prerequisites

Previous knowledge of Port State Control is desirable but not a prerequisite as the course builds upon all history and present state of PSC globally.

Course Syllabus

  1. Brief historical background of the creation of PSC MOUs and the reasons, that led to this development.
  2. Introduction to the operational regimes of MOUs on a global basis and other PSC Authorities (US Coast Guard, Australian Maritime Safety Agency).
  3. PSC types of inspections – Categorisation of ships in relation to potential risks.
  4. Concentrated Campaigns of various MOUs.
  5. Factors that may render a ship “substandard”.
  6. Statistical analysis (inspections, deficiencies, detentions, white/black/grey lists, performance of recognized organizations, ship type and refusal of access).
  7. Involvement of Flag Administrations, Classification Societies, P+I Clubs, H+M insurers in PSC.
  8. Action plans to maintain a ship in compliance with applicable rules and regulations.
  9. Actual case studies and relevant analysis of deficiencies recorded, root causes, corrective and preventive actions.
  10. The opposite view. Points of criticism against PSC practices.

Course Material

Online videos for every module of the course, with accompanying PDF slides and full set of notes (videos can be watched as many times as needed online). (Accompanying PDFs are downloadable and distributed to enrolled attendees).
XLS format files where applicable.
The course must be completed (after passing the relevant final online exams) within 1-year from enrollment/purchase, during which time, the course instructor is always available through email for relevant questions and queries.
6-month consultation period (after course completion) by the instructor for any relevant questions and queries.

Course Instructors

Dr. Aristotelis B. Alexopoulos  has graduated from the University of Athens (BA in Law and Political Science) and has completed his postgraduate studies at the University of Wales (MSc in Marine Law and Maritime Policy) and at the University of Piraeus (PhD in Marine Environmental Law and Chartering). He worked in the shipping industry as a legal advisor for Shipping Companies and Maritime Auditing Enterprises, and in the public sector as a scientific consultant and a lecturer in environmental issues for the Institute of Transport and the National Center of Public Administration. He has also worked as an Assistant Professor (Adjunct) at the University of the Aegean in the Departments of Shipping, Trade & Transport (Chios island) and in the Department of Marine Sciences (Lesvos island) for over 15 years. He was a visiting lecturer at the University of Piraeus in the Department of Maritime Studies and as a Director of the R&D Unit at BCA Business College of Athens. He is the author of 8 books and 2 e-books and over 150 research articles in peer-reviewed journals, international conferences, national symposia and scientific volumes. He has participated in many research projects, some of them as the leading researcher. He is currently an environmental consultant in the mayor’s office at the Municipality of Paleo Faliro.

Mr. Constantinos E. Avtzigiannis has graduated from the University of Macedonia and has completed his postgraduate studies at the University of Wales (Postgraduate Diploma in Port & Shipping Administration) and at the University of Manchester (M.Sc in International Business Management). He possess numerous professional certifications from Classification Societies (Bureau Veritas, DNV – GL, LRS, NKK), USCG and University of Portsmouth. He has worked in Operations and Quality / Safety Departments of ship management companies and from early 1994 he is an independent consultant in Safety / Quality / Security Management in shipping and land industries, working also as DPA/CSO/MLC Manager in ship management companies. He is Management Systems Lead Auditor (non exclusive) for BUREAU VERITAS CERTIFICATION since 2009 and previously has worked also for DNV in the same capacity. Amongst his other professional undertakings is lecturing in shipping studies colleges. In the past, articles of his covering issues related to maritime history, safety & environmental protection and maritime security have been published in professional magazines.