Port State Control – Best Practices for Successful PSC Inspection


The Principle of Port State Control was conceived as a globally common tool in the shipping industry with which coastal states all over the world can ensure that ships visiting their ports fulfill required rules and regulations as set out by IMO and regional regulatory frameworks. It was in the early eighties when fourteen European countries agreed on the Paris Memorandum of Understanding on Port State Control (Paris MoU) to establish port state control.

Within a short time period, modeled on the Paris MOU, several other regional MOUs were created, including the Tokyo MOU (Pacific Ocean), Acuerdo Latino or Acuerdo de Viña del Mar (South and Central America), the Caribbean MOU, the Mediterranean MOU, the Indian Ocean MOU, the Abuja MOU (West and Central Atlantic Africa), the Black Sea MOU, and the Riyadh MOU (Persian Gulf).

While, a Port State Control inspection aims to ensure a vessel’s compliance with rules and regulations it also aims to identify “substandard” ships, i. e.  ships, which regardless of their ability to fulfill contractual requirements (i. e. carry and deliver their cargo) do not comply with applicable rules and regulations. The identification of a ship as substandard then results in the prohibition of the ship calling at ports of the entire MOU.

The attendees will be able to:

  • Understand the Legislative Framework within which MOUs operate.
  • Discuss the steps of a PSC inspection.
  • Identify usual deficiencies recorded onboard ships by PSC inspectors.
  • Identify PSC findings, which render a ship “substandard” and the causes of substandard shipping.
  • Refer and make use of statistical data from the main MoU’s.
  • Analyze and discuss case studies.
  • Understand the necessary action plans in order to maintain a ship in full compliance with applicable requirements, including ISM Code, ISPS Code, STCW 2010, MLC 2006.
  • Understand the roles and actions of other interested parties (Flag Administrations, Classification Societies, P+I Clubs, H+M Insurers)


  • All professionals employed in the shipping sector and, particularly those who work in the operations and management departments can benefit from the presentation of the above material by widening their knowledge and making use of it on a daily basis.
  • New entries to the shipping industry learning from the very beginning the important goals of a shipping company.
  • Marine officers who are willing to seek a career ashore by acquiring a combination of practical and theoretical knowledge.


No special prerequisites are needed to attend the course.


Estimated duration: 8 Hours (Two separate sessions of 4, and 4 hours duration respectively)
  • Brief historical background of the creation of PSC MOUs and the reasons, that led to this development
  • Introduction to the operational regimes of MOUs on a global basis
  • PSC types of inspections – Categorisation of ships in relation to potential risks
  • Concentrated Campaigns of various MOUs
  • Factors that may render a ship “substandard”.
  • Statistical analysis (inspections, deficiencies, detentions, white/black/grey lists, the performance of recognized organizations, ship type, and refusal of access).
  • Involvement of Flag Administrations, Classification Societies, P+I Clubs, H+M insurers in PSC
  • Action plans to maintain a ship in compliance with applicable rules and regulations
  • Actual case studies and relevant analysis of deficiencies recorded, root causes, corrective and preventive actions.
  • The opposite view. Points of criticism against PSC practices


Mr. Constantinos E. Avtzigiannis has graduated from the University of Macedonia and has completed his postgraduate studies at the University of Wales (Postgraduate Diploma in Port & Shipping Administration) and at the University of Manchester (M.Sc in International Business Management). He posses numerous professional certifications from Classification Societies (Bureau Veritas, DNV – GL, LRS, NKK), USCG, and the University of Portsmouth. He has worked in Operations and Quality / Safety Departments of ship management companies and from early 1994 he is an independent consultant in Safety / Quality / Security Management in shipping and land industries, working also as DPA/CSO/MLC Manager in ship management companies. He is Management Systems Lead Auditor (non-exclusive) for BUREAU VERITAS CERTIFICATION since 2009 and previously has worked also for DNV in the same capacity. Amongst his other professional undertakings is lecturing in shipping studies colleges. In the past, articles of his, covering issues related to maritime history, safety & environmental protection, and maritime security have been published in professional magazines.


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250 EUR

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